How to make crepe paper flowers

How to make crepe paper flowers

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How to make crepe paper flowers

There is currently little doubt in establishing which civilization first used paper to create flowers. There are those who think that the first were the Egyptians over 5,000 years ago, having been the first to have invented the sheet of paper. Other scholars, on the other hand, attribute the idea to the Chinese who, in fact, still make extensive use of this material for the creation of various kinds of decorations, lanterns and ritual costumes. It has been documented that as early as 2,000 years ago in China paper flowers were widely used in religious ceremonies, left to float in tanks and water basins as a sign of auspiciousness.
In the Victorian era, paper flowers became a true all-female pastime. Women dedicated themselves to this activity especially in winter, when the plants stop producing flowers, to continue decorating their homes with cheerful and colorful compositions.
But it was only in 1900 that crepe paper began to be used for the creation of flowers and women used to meet at specific intervals to engage in this activity.
Thanks to the incredible workability of crepe paper and the absolutely realistic effect it gives to floral creations, in those years it became widespread and often replaced instead of fresh flowers in funeral ceremonies and cemeteries. In an era when transport was extremely slow and cemeteries were often located in rather distant places, flower conservation was often a sore point. The crepe paper flowers were absolutely realistic, easy to carry and had a high durability, truly formidable qualities for such a simple material.
The use of crepe paper flowers was then almost completely supplanted by the invention of water-resistant plastic flowers, easy to clean and less fragile than their predecessors.
However, the flowers of crepe paper have seen a new light around the 1950s, made by housewives and used to decorate the house or as small jobs to do with the children, to then return to the limelight once again today, becoming a real own art and widely used also for weddings or for making wedding favors.

The most used techniques

There are two different techniques for making flowers with crepe paper:
- The first involves cutting and shaping the individual petals one at a time, possibly following pre-printed shapes, and attaching them to the stem using a little glue and the florist's ribbon. The types of flowers most commonly made with this technique are roses, tulips, lilies and peonies.
- The second method consists in shaping the flower directly from a single paper ribbon from which long thin petals are cut. The sheet is then rolled up on itself being careful not to overlap the petals and glued on the stem. Secure everything with the florist's tape and then attach the leaves. With this technique flowers like dahlias, daisies and carnations can be made.

How to shape the petal flowers by petal

Prepare in advance the shapes of the petals corresponding to the flower you have chosen, bearing in mind that usually the more internal petals are usually smaller than the outer ones, so keep in mind the general morphology of the composition to have a clean and faithful result .
Then take a wooden skewer or a florist wire to prepare the stem. At the top, glue a ball of crepe paper of the color you have chosen, to form the stamen of the flower. If desired, and depending on the type of flower you have chosen, all around you can glue some thin strips of paper to symbolize the stamens.
Then pass to the petals and, once cut out, collect one and hold it with both hands. The thumbs at the center of the petal must make a slight pressure towards the inside, then gradually moving them towards the edges, stretching the paper a little. In this way the petal will be rounded inside and turgid on the edges. For some flowers it is also necessary to slightly iron the upper part so as to give it a wavy and more realistic effect. The edges can then be curled by gently rolling the petal over a pen or other similar object, being careful not to damage the internal camber.
At this point take the stem of the flower and glue the petals one by one, being careful not to overlap them. Once all the petals are glued together, make a couple of turns around the base with the florist ribbon and proceed along the entire stem. Then stick it on itself to fix it, so the leaves will have a good base to stick to.

How to make crepe paper flowers: How to shape flowers starting from a single crepe paper ribbon

First of all prepare the stems, shaping stamens and pistils as explained above. For some types of flowers, such as dahlias, just roll a small strip of paper on itself and make lots of cuts. Then secure the stamens to the stem with a little glue.
The petals are obtained by cutting a long strip of paper wrapped on itself. It is very important to wrap the paper firmly and press it with two fingers, so that it stays still during the trimming operation. Once the shape has been cut, insert the blade of the scissor in the center of the petals and cut both on one side and the other to separate the petals, up to about a centimeter and a half from the bottom of the roll, so that the petals remain together to each other.
Then unwind the roll and, with the same technique explained to shape the petals one by one, slightly widen the center of each petal with both thumbs in the center.
Then wrap the roll of petals around the stem and secure it with the florist ribbon, which you will wrap up to the end of the stem and close with a drop of glue. Then attach the leaves to the stem.