Garden

Works of the month of garden February


February is the month of pruning, especially with regard to roses, hedges and some species of flowering plants; we remember that it is not good to randomly prune flowering plants: those that bloom in late winter (such as forsythia) produce flowers on the branches of the previous year, so if we can now prune them, we will almost certainly remove all or most of the flower buds, making the flowering insignificant and scarce; so let's wait for them to flower, and let's feed them later. Instead, plants that bloom in the coming months, generally produce buds on new branches, so pruning must be done now, so as to encourage the development of as many new shoots.This rule applies to examples for modern roses, which produce flower buds only on new, fresh, semi-woody branches; then let's pot it, leaving only 2-3 buds for branches, from which new flowering branches will sprout.Sowing



In February there are many flowering plants that we can sow; most seedbeds will then be kept in a place that is not too cold, like in a heated seedbed, a greenhouse, or simply a small shelter in a non-woven fabric.
With our work of the month we prepare a sowing compound, consisting of universal soil lightened with sand; we fill small pots or seedbeds, water and then place the small seeds in contact with the ground.
In February we can sow: agerato, Amaranth, Bocca di Leone, Calendula, Celosia, Clarkia, Coleus, Cosmea, Dalia, Digital, Gaillardia, Carnation, lmpatiens, Kochia, Mesembriantemo, Nasturtium, Petunia, Portulaca, Primula, Salvia, Senecio, Statice , Tagete, Verbena, Viola, Zinnia.
In the coming weeks we will get dozens of small flowering plants, for the garden or the terrace.

Before the buds of our plants until very swollen we can evaluate the possibility of practicing a preventive treatment, based on Bordeaux mixture. With regard to treatments against animal pests in general, some specimens are expected to be present on the plants before intervening; however, we can already apply a treatment with anticoccidic mineral oil on shrubs that are subject to the attack of this fearsome parasite.

For potted plants this is the best time if we intend to change containers; remember to choose slightly larger vessels than those in which our plants are, unless they have been in the same container for many years. We always use good quality soil, because it will be a source of food for our plants for a long time. In repotting some plants, such as ficus or succulents, we check the presence of parasites among the roots, such as aphids lanigeri or cottony cochineal, in case we sprinkle the ground bread with a special insecticide, to prevent the insect from developing also in the new container. In general it is also good to avoid reusing old containers, to avoid transmitting pathogens or parasites from plant to plant; if we do not want to get rid of old vases, before using them again, wash them with care, disinfecting them even with a little bleach dissolved in water, to rinse thoroughly with clean water before using the jar.
On sunny days the temperatures in our small greenhouses can reach almost summer peaks, to avoid that the patinas suffer too much for the gap between the temperatures of the day and those of night, let's remember to lightly ventilate the greenhouse on very sunny days.

If we have a space in a warm and not too bright place we can also begin to prepare the small plants that will populate our garden and the vegetable garden in the months to come. Starting in February we can begin to sow tomatoes, aubergines and peppers, to have small plants ready for the end of March; we have vegetable garden we can prepare small tunnel greenhouses in which to sow carrots, salad, radishes, spinach. In the open ground we can already place onion bulbs.
In the garden we can take advantage of days that are not too sunny to plant new shrubs and rose bushes, so that as early as this spring we will fully enjoy their blooms. If we are passionate about sowing and we have the space for a seedbed we can also seminal some annuals or perennials such as: impatiens, splendid sage, marigolds, lavender, poppies, agerate, iberis, vile, verbene.
In the garden
In addition to preparing the covered seedlings in February it is time to prepare the soil: we raise the weeds, we enrich with mature organic fertilizer and then we work the soil in depth.
It is also possible to plant some perennials, cultivated as annuals, such as violets and primroses, which will bloom until the first weeks of heat.