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Fresh herbs, namely parsley, are one of the popular spices, a healthy, tasty addition to various dishes. It contains many vitamins of group B, vitamins A, C, macro- and microelements. This is what made her a favorite among seasonings.
It is considered the most unpretentious culture. You can grow parsley at home on a windowsill, in the open field, in a greenhouse. But for a high-quality harvest, you should pay attention to the preparation and sowing of seeds.
What determines the time of emergence of seedlings?
How long will it take to sprout and how long will it take to appear depends on various factors:
- what is the quality of the seeds and their processing before planting;
- soil care after sowing;
- timely watering.
Parsley is a cold-resistant plant. That is why these greens are grown in our country in any climatic zone.
The difference in cultivation is only in the sowing time, the timing of the emergence of seedlings in each specific region. The colder the climate, the longer the sprouting period..
In central Russia, sowing begins in early spring and germinates at a temperature of +3 - +4 ° C. The sprouted sprouts tolerate frosts down to -9 ° С. For the growth of parsley, the optimum temperature is +18 - +20 ° C.
Parsley seeds take a long time to germinate - from two to four weeks. This is due to the fact that the essential oils that cover the seeds do not allow moisture to pass through, slowing down the germination process.
To obtain a good harvest, it is necessary to properly prepare the seeds for planting, which will guarantee the receipt of seedlings.
Seed preparation stages:
- selection of seeds of the 1st class, taking into account the shelf life of 2-3 years;
- sorting and checking seeds for germination;
- soaking in hot 60-70 ° C water, in a weak solution of manganese;
- germinating seeds before planting.
There are two types: leaf and root. There are the following varieties of parsley:
- Early ripening:
- The festival;
- Station wagon;
- Late ripening:
To obtain fast germination and harvest, it is preferable to choose an early ripening variety. Due to the short growing season, this variety of parsley can be successfully grown even in the harsh climate of Siberia. You can harvest the crop within 40-45 days after planting. Mid-ripening parsley ripens 15-20 days longer than early ripening.
The main plant care that affects germination is:
- loosening row spacings;
- timely weeding;
- moderate watering;
- maintaining the moisture content of the earth.
Where to start counting?
Immediately after sowing, you can calculate how long it takes to hatch the first shoots.
When using different seed treatment methods before sowing, keeping track of these dates will help identify the best preparation method.
How quickly they germinate after sowing: in a greenhouse, open field, at home
- Germinated seeds that have been prepared will sprout after sowing in a week, when grown in a greenhouse or in the open field at a temperature of +3 - +15 ° C.
- When growing at home, where the air temperature is 20 ° C, seedlings may appear in 5 days.
- When sowing untreated, dry seeds, seedlings can only be seen after 3-4 weeks.
Minimum and maximum germination time, is it possible in 3 hours?
The maximum period of parsley sprouting after planting is a month... The minimum period is five days. It is impossible to get seedlings in three hours.
The often described method of sowing parsley in the ground, using quicklime, which guarantees germination in three hours, is wrong. Since the lime and heat generated from the chemical reaction during watering will simply kill the seeds.
Is it possible to influence germination: accelerate or slow down?
It will help to influence the germination period:
- the use of various methods of seed preparation;
- air temperature;
- moisture in the earth.
If the soil is not moist enough, the temperature is too low, then the germination time of the seeds will increase.
Find out if you can accelerate seed germination here.
When should you worry?
It is worth worrying if the parsley did not germinate after 1-1.5 months after sowing under optimal conditions, which may be the fault of both the seed and the gardener.
If the preparation of the seed is carried out correctly and the seeds are sown already germinated, it can be concluded that further care was not of high quality.
What does such a parsley look like after planting, when it rises? The soil is dry, a crust formed on it after watering or rain, and the shoots wilted or died. Monitor soil moisture and do not dry out.
It is advisable to cover the bed with a covering material or film, which will help retain moisture, and not leave the sown seeds unattended.
Read about why parsley does not come up and what to do at the same time.
It can be concluded that the speed of sprouting of parsley is influenced to the greatest extent by:
- seed quality and preparation;
- optimal temperature +18 - +20 ° С;
- sufficient moisture in the earth.
Having created such conditions, the first shoots can be obtained in 5-7 days... And using early ripening varieties of parsley, the first harvest will be able to be harvested in 4-5 weeks.